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The epidemiology of Kawasaki disease: a global update
  1. Surjit Singh1,
  2. Pandiarajan Vignesh1,
  3. David Burgner2,3,4
  1. 1Paediatric Allergy Immunology Unit, Advanced Paediatrics Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
  2. 2Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3Department of Paediatrics, Melbourne University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  4. 4Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Infectious Diseases Department, Monash University, Monash Children's Hospital, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Surjit Singh, Pediatric Allergy Immunology Unit, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India; surjitsinghpgi{at}


Kawasaki disease (KD) is a childhood vasculitis and the most frequent cause of paediatric acquired heart disease in North America, Europe and Japan. It is increasingly recognised in rapidly industrialising countries such as China and India where it may replace rheumatic heart disease as the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. We review the current global epidemiology of KD and discuss some public health implications.

  • Kawasaki disease
  • Epidemiology

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