Table 3

HRs describing risk of death for any cause following hospitalisation in the PAH, PAHHE, crowding and MoH groups compared with children hospitalised for a non-PAH condition

Hospital admission groupSurvival (%)Unadjusted HR (95% CI)Adjusted HR (95% CI)
Non-PAH99.71.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
PAH99.32.23 (2.01 to 2.47)3.07 (2.74 to 3.43)
PAHHE99.22.45 (2.20 to 2.72)3.31 (2.94 to 3.71)
Crowding99.12.66 (2.39 to 2.96)4.00 (3.55 to 4.50)
MoH97.67.03 (6.27 to 7.87)10.44 (9.18 to 11.86)
  • *Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity and deprivation.

  • MoH, Ministry of Health; PAH, potentially avoidable hospitalisation; PAHHE, potentially avoidable hospitalisations attributable (at least in part) to the home environment.