Table 4

Differences in nutritional status between children who died and those who survived according to sex

Median anthropometric indices (number of children)
Anthropometric indices at 2 months of ageSurvived between 2 and 6 months of ageDied between 2 and 6 months of ageDRR (95% CI) associated with one unit increase in nutritional status
Median weight (kg)
 Boys4.460 (764)3.100 (23)0.19 (0.11 to 0.31), p<0.001
 Girls4.220 (998)4.040 (27)0.70 (0.41 to 1.19), p=0.187
Median WAZ
 Boys−2.0 (764)−4.21 (23)0.39 (0.30 to 0.50), p<0.001
 Girls−1.69 (998)−2.2 (27)0.78 (0.60 to 1.01), p=0.056
Median height (cm)
 Boys54.0 (767)50.5 (23)0.74 (0.66 to 0.83), p<0.001
 Girls53.0 (1000)53.5 (27)1.04 (0.94 to 1.16), p=0.440
Median HAZ
 Boys−2.61 (767)−4.21 (23)0.53 (0.42 to 0.67), p<0.001
 Girls−2.14 (1000)−2.13 (27)1.03 (0.84 to 1.25), p=0.795
Median MUAC (mm)
 Boys116 (766)86 (23)0.90 (0.88 to 0.93), p<0.001
 Girls112 (998)110 (27)0.97 (0.94 to 0.99), p=0.026
Median head circumference (cm)
 Boys38 (766)36 (23)0.57 (0.46 to 0.71), p<0.001
 Girls37 (1000)38 (27)0.96 (0.79 to 1.17), p=0.681
Median abdominal circumference (cm)
 Boys35 (767)31 (23)0.72 (0.66 to 0.80), p<0.001
 Girls35 (1000)34 (27)0.86 (0.76 to 0.98), p=0.027
  • Adjusted for arm of BCG trial and DTP at 2 months.

  • BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; DRR, death rate ratios; HAZ, height-for-age z score; MUAC, mid-upper-arm-circumference; WAZ, weight-for-age z score.