Table 2

 SDH/E: aetiology versus various parameters

All casesAccidentPerinatalAbuseDiseaseMeningitisUndetermined
Figures in parentheses are percentages of total with data.
*Insufficient data available.
†Only four infants examined by ophthalmologist, no information in nine.
Total cases (186)18672610672317
Boys (%)120 (65)3 (43)15 (58)74 (70)5 (71)11 (48)12 (71)
Average age at diagnosis (weeks)17350.316192430
Mean birth weight (g)2976311929562913343932552887
Birth weight <2.5 kg42 (26)1 (25)6 (24)27 (28)1 (17)3 (18)4 (27)
Mean gestation (weeks)38.43637.8383938.537
Normal delivery106 (59)3 (43)10 (40)70 (68)3 (50)14 (64)6 (35)
Birth trauma24 (14)1 (14)13 (54)6 (6)0 (0)1 (4)3 (20)
Died35 (19)2 (29)10 (38)18 (17)3 (43)1 (4)1 (6)
Ill or dead at presentation115 (64)6 (86)20 (77)66 (63)4 (66)18 (86)1 (6)
Required cardiopulmonary resuscitation82 (45)4 (66)16 (66)53 (50)1 (14)7 (30)1 (6)
Mean weight SD score−0.53*−0.46−0.68−0.660.020.238
Retinal haemorrhage59 (35)2 (33)2 (13)†55 (52)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Examined by ophthalmologist113 (61)2 (33)4 (17)94 (91)3 (50)2 (9)8 (47)
Any retinal examination169 (90)6 (86)15 (58)106 (100)5 (71)23 (100)14 (82)
Fits68 (40)2 (29)10 (38)42 (43)4 (57)6 (26)4 (27)
“Big” head38 (22)0 (0)3 (12)21 (21)1 (14)2/22 (9)11 (65)
Fracture58 (32)4 (57)3 (12)51 (48)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Bruise70 (44)4 (57)8 (31)56 (54)0 (0)0 (0)2 (12)
Brain parenchymal injury76 (41)5 (71)13 (50)54 (51)2 (29)1 (4)1 (6)
Neurosurgery78 (44)3 (43)3 (13)49 (47)0 (0)14 (62)9 (53)