Table 4

 Results of studies without a comparison group (data expressed as mean (SD))

AuthorGrowth outcomeIntellectual outcomeComments
Hutcheson, 199720Intervention children: height SD −0.8 (1.0), wt for ht SD −1.7 (0.6)
>Non-intervention children: height SD −1.0 (1.1), wt for ht SD −1.5 (0.8)
Battelle Developmental Inventory 71.6 (17.9) to 84.9 (13.2) depending on intervention status and degree of maternal negativityTook into account demographic and maternal psychological risk factors
Wright, 19989Weight SD −0.93 (intervention)v−1.29 (non-intervention), p = 0.04
>Height SD −0.79 (intervention)v−1.13 (non-intervention), p = 0.03
Difference in height between controls and intervention not significant when adjusted for parental height
Kristiansson, 198721Weight >−2SD 21 children (62%)
>Height >−2SD 30 (88%)
2 children were in foster care and 4 had social services support
Drotar, 198822Stanford Binet Intelligence score: mean IQ 85.4 (15)
>In 49% the IQ was >85, in 14% it was <70
IQ was related to maternal education, income, and onset and duration of FTT
Sturm, 198923Weight for height: 93.6 (8.7)
>7% were wasted
>15%<5% for weight
>5%<5% height