Table 1

Laparoscopic findings for 97 impalpable testes

FindingNumberCorrelation
Vas and vessels entering internal ring44
 Viable testis13
 Testicular remnant22
 Intracanalicular vanished testis9
Vas and vessels stop short of ring23Intra-abdominal vanished testis
Intra-abdominal testis27
 Grossly dysmorphic4
 Viable
  emergent8
  high13
  pelvic2
Vas and vessels absent1True testicular agenesis
Blind ending vas, no vessels2Exclude high intra-abdominal testis before concluding testicle absent