Objective To identify whether there have been changes over time in the capacity of paediatric consultants to undertake research and if the activity differs between men and women.
Design Comparison of data from two surveys of UK paediatric consultants.
Subjects UK consultant members of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health.
Interventions Surveys carried out in 2011 and 2015.
Main outcome measures The proportion of consultants with allocated time in job plans for research, academic appointments, postgraduate qualifications, publications, grant funding and supervision of PhD students.
Results The 2015 survey demonstrated 20% of consultants had one or more programmed activities (PAs) for research, but the average paid PA for research was 0.39 PA. Between the surveys, the proportion of consultants with honorary contracts had declined, and the proportion with a PhD or MDRes was 32% in 2011 compared with 26% in 2015 (p<0.001). In 2015, only 12% of consultants had at least one current grant. In 2011 and 2015, 51% and 54% respectively of consultants had not authored a publication in the preceding 2 years. In 2015, 92% of consultants were not currently supervising a PhD student, and 88% had never supervised a PhD student. In 2015, 25% of men and 12% of women had PAs for research (p<0.001). Women were less likely to hold an honorary or primary academic contract, have authored a publication or supervised a PhD student (all p<0.001).
Conclusions Research activity among paediatric consultants remains low, particularly among women.
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Contributors All authors were involved in the development of the surveys (NM in 2011 and AG in 2015). RW, MM and AG undertook the analysis of the data. All authors were involved in the production of the final manuscript.
Funding AG's research is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Clinical Research Facility at Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and NIHR Biomedical Research Centre based at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data sharing statement We agree to the data sharing statement.
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