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Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents
  1. Georgina Krebs1,2,
  2. Isobel Heyman3,4
  1. 1Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK
  2. 2OCD & Related Disorder Clinic for Young People, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  3. 3Psychological Medicine Team, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK
  4. 4Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Georgina Krebs, OCD & Related Disorders Clinic for Young People, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ, USA; georgina.1.krebs{at}kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in childhood and adolescence is an impairing condition, associated with a specific set of distressing symptoms incorporating repetitive, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and distressing, time-consuming rituals (compulsions). This review considers current knowledge of causes and mechanisms underlying OCD, as well as assessment and treatment. Issues relating to differential diagnosis are summarised, including the challenges of distinguishing OCD from autism spectrum disorders and tic disorders in youth. The recommended treatments, namely cognitive behaviour therapy and serotonin reuptake inhibiting/selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications, are outlined along with the existing evidence-based and factors associated with treatment resistance. Finally, novel clinical developments that are emerging in the field and future directions for research are discussed.

  • Child Psychiatry
  • Child Psychology
  • Psychology
  • Outcomes research

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