Aim: To compare rates of emergency readmission following discharge for common paediatric conditions from a range of hospital services.
Design: Retrospective analysis of hospital episode statistics and telephone survey of service provision.
Setting: 12 hospitals serving a metropolitan area in the North West of England.
Outcome measures: Emergency admissions to hospital within 7 days of discharge for breathing difficulty, feverish illness, and/or diarrhoea.
Results: Hospital episode statistics were obtained for all children under 15 years discharged following emergency admission for breathing difficulty; feverish illness; and/or diarrhoea during 2005/6 (n=20,354) or 2006/7 (n=23,018). The readmission rate for all hospitals in 2006/07 was 5.5%. The percentage of same day discharges was associated with readmission (Kendall’s taub correlation=0.61, p=0.007). Readmissions were also associated with the proportion of same day discharge for breathing difficulty (Kendall’s taub=0.83, p<0.001), feverish illness (Kendall’s taub=0.50, p=0.023) but not significantly so with diarrhoea (Kendall’s taub=0.37, p=0.098). The total number of admissions at a hospital in the year was associated with its readmission rate (Kendall’s taub=0.71, p=0.002). Most of the sample lived in the 40% most deprived areas in England but there was no significant association between readmission and living at the 10% most deprived areas.
Conclusions: Readmission rates are associated with higher numbers of annual admissions and higher proportions of children discharged on the day of admission. Variations between hospitals suggest that other factors can also affect readmission rates. Readmission rates calculated from hospital episodes statistics can contribute to assessments of the outcome of emergency services.