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Height and Weight at Age 17 Years of Newborns Born Short for Gestational Age
  1. Alon Farfel (galit_alon{at}hotmail.com)
  1. Schneider Children's Medical Center and Israel Defense Forces, Israel
    1. Arnon Afek (arnon.afek{at}sheba.health.gov.il)
    1. Israel Defense Forces and Tel Aviv University, Israel
      1. Estela Derazne (integs{at}013.net)
      1. Israel Defense Forces, Israel
        1. Paul Merlob (merlobp{at}post.tau.ac.il)
        1. Tel Aviv University and Rabin Medical Center, Israel
          1. Nehama Linder (nehamal{at}clalit.org.il)
          1. Tel Aviv University and Rabin Medical Center, Israel
            1. Zvi Laron (laronz{at}clalit.org.il)
            1. Schneider Children's Medical Center and Tel Aviv University, Israel

              Abstract

              Background: Measurements at end of puberty of neonates short for gestational age (SGA-L) are scant.

              Objective: To determine the correlation between birth length and weight in male and female SGA-L neonates, with height and weight at age 17 years.

              Subjects and methods: 385 full term short newborns, measuring <48 cm (SGA-L) and 585 full term newborns, measuring ≥48 cm (adequate length for gestational age =AGA-L) born at one Center were included. Of these newborns we identified 234 SGA-L and 359 AGA-L at age 17 years, using the Israel Army computerized system.

              Results: The main comparative findings (m±SD) between the two main groups revealed that both sexes born SGA-L were significantly shorter at birth as well as at age 17 than those born AGA-L (females: 158.9±7.6 vs 167.3±8.7 cm (p< 0.001) and males 164.2±64 vs 173.8±7.1 cm) (p<0.001). The subjects born SGA-L also weighed significantly less than those born AGA-L (p<0.001) both at birth and at age 17.

              Conclusions: Children born short for gestational age become short adults and weigh less at age 17 than children with a normal birth length.

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