Background: Measurements at end of puberty of neonates short for gestational age (SGA-L) are scant.
Objective: To determine the correlation between birth length and weight in male and female SGA-L neonates, with height and weight at age 17 years.
Subjects and methods: 385 full term short newborns, measuring <48 cm (SGA-L) and 585 full term newborns, measuring ≥48 cm (adequate length for gestational age =AGA-L) born at one Center were included. Of these newborns we identified 234 SGA-L and 359 AGA-L at age 17 years, using the Israel Army computerized system.
Results: The main comparative findings (m±SD) between the two main groups revealed that both sexes born SGA-L were significantly shorter at birth as well as at age 17 than those born AGA-L (females: 158.9±7.6 vs 167.3±8.7 cm (p< 0.001) and males 164.2±64 vs 173.8±7.1 cm) (p<0.001). The subjects born SGA-L also weighed significantly less than those born AGA-L (p<0.001) both at birth and at age 17.
Conclusions: Children born short for gestational age become short adults and weigh less at age 17 than children with a normal birth length.