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Educational interventions to reduce prescribing errors.
  1. Sharon Conroy (sharon.conroy{at}nottingham.ac.uk)
  1. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
    1. Clare North
    1. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
      1. Thomas Fox
      1. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
        1. Linda Haines (linda.haines{at}rcpch.ac.uk)
        1. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, United Kingdom
          1. Claire Planner (claire.planner{at}pharmacy.ac.uk)
          1. University of London, United Kingdom
            1. Penny Erskine (penny.erskine{at}nuh.nhs.uk)
            1. NUH, United Kingdom
              1. Helen Sammons (helen.sammons{at}nottingham.ac.uk)
              1. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
                1. Ian Chi Kei Wong
                1. University of London, United Kingdom

                  Abstract

                  Objective: Little is known about teaching paediatricians to prescribe and assessing their competency. This study aimed to identify educational interventions to reduce dose calculation errors.

                  Design: Literature review, questionnaire survey of paediatric healthcare professionals, observation and interviews were performed.

                  Results: Literature review identified one paper describing an in-service test for medical trainees. 319/559 questionnaires were returned (57%). 34 mentioned educational interventions. 15 centres provided further information on teaching/assessment methods. 13 delivered presentations usually at doctor's induction. Many had a similar format including differences to adult prescribing; common errors and how to calculate doses. Paediatric clinical pharmacists play a significant role in delivering training/competency assessment.

                  Conclusion: Teaching of paediatric prescribing takes place mostly in the format of lectures during doctor's induction. Few centres assess competency. No validated tool exists. There has been little evaluation of the impact of teaching on competency to prescribe.

                  • assessment
                  • calculation errors
                  • competency
                  • dose calculation
                  • prescribing

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