Article Text

PO-0999 Suboptimal Vitamin D Status In A Population-based Study Of Asian Children: Prevalence And Relation To Allergic Diseases And Atopy
  1. TC Yao1,
  2. Y Tseng1,
  3. S Liao2,
  4. M Hua2,
  5. M Tsai2,
  6. C Chiu2,
  7. S Lai1,
  8. K Yeh1,
  9. J Huang1
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan
  2. 2Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan

Abstract

Background and aims New evidence shows high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in many countries and some studies suggest a possible link between vitamin D status and allergic diseases. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of suboptimal vitamin D status in a population sample of Asian children and to investigate the relationship of vitamin D status with allergic diseases and atopy.

Methods Children aged 5–18 years (n = 1315) in the Prediction of Allergies in Taiwanese Children (PATCH) study were evaluated using questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and total and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE).

Results The mean concentration of serum 25(OH)D was 20.4 ng/mL (SD: 7.1 ng/mL). Vitamin D deficiency (defined as serum 25(OH)D p = 0.001), winter and spring seasons (compared to summer; P both p = 0.011) were independently associated with low serum 25(OH)D levels. After adjusting for potential confounders, serum 25(OH)D status had no association with asthma, rhinitis, eczema, atopy, or total serum IgE (all p > 0.05).

Conclusions Low serum 25(OH)D levels are remarkably common in this population sample of Asian children, which should be a matter of public health concern. Our results provides epidemiological evidence against the association of vitamin D status with various allergic diseases and atopy in Asian children.

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