Allergy and allergic diseases comprise the global problem of public health care all over the world. In general structure of allergies’ morbidity share of allergic rhinitis is quite high. Its prevalence in children’s population varies within 15–25% (ARIA). All the above determined the goal of our work.
Goal Goal of our work is study of prevalence of allergic rhinitis in children’s population of Adjara Region.
Materials and methods For the first stage of study we developed the questionnaire. Studied population included 1237 children from 4 to 15 years age (511 girls and 726 boys). Screening was conducted by means of the initial questionnaire oriented towards first diagnostics of allergic rhinitis. Second stage included clinical-allergic study. This stage included also study of IgR level in blood serum and prick-test in vivo (included food, plants, epidermal and domestic allergens). Data processing was provided by means of SPSS9v12.5 software package.
Results First stage of the study showed that of symptoms of allergic rhinitis 9.8% of the studied population had sneezing, 14.5% - rhinorrhea, 13.9% – nasal obstruction, 15.55% – nasal itch and the mentioned symptoms, in 4.5% of cases were accompanied with lacrimation and eye itch. Respondents with AR symptoms (236) indicated seasonal nature of the disease. At the second stage of study, on the basis of the frequency, characteristics and set of clinical signs, in 56.7% of patients intermittent and in 43.3% of patients - persistent allergic rhinitis was diagnosed. Prevalence of symptoms was reliably higher among the boys, compared with the girls (p < 0.05)
Conclusion Epidemiological study of allergic rhinitis in children’s population of Batumi, Adjara, showed that AR prevalence was 15.3%, rarely with accompanying conjunctivitis (4.5%). High frequency of late diagnostics was identified (p < 0.05).