Background To analyse the major health problems and trends among hospitalised children in a medical centre from 2003 to 2012
Methods We retrospectively reviewed all records of patients younger than 18 years who admitted to the Chang Gung Memorial’s Hospital between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2012. The study was composed of categories about the diagnosis, age and gender. We collected and utilised data to examine the leading diagnostic categories and trends by age in the 10 years period.
Results Children had age differences among hospitalised diagnoses categories. Prematurity or condition from the perinatal periods and congenital anomaly were the top two hospitalised disease categories in newborn. Acute respiratory tract infection was the major diagnoses category in infant. Acute intestinal infectious disease was the top diagnosis in children aged between 1 to 2 years old. Pneumonia was leading diagnoses of children aged in 2 to 6 years and in 6 to 12 years. Fracture was the leading cause of adolescents aged in 12 to 18 years. Congenital anomaly decrease in infant stage but pneumonia still threatened children aged in 2 to 6 years and 6 to 12 years.
Conclusions The characteristics of major health problems were different among age variables in children. All health promotion programs and policies should effectively provide the respective services and measure the outcome efficiently.