Background and objective One of evidence-based therapies, improving emotional and behavioural problems is dialectical behaviour therapy. This study evaluates the effectiveness of dialectical behaviour therapy for children 8–11 years old.
Material and methods The study was carried on 52 children having emotional and behavioural problems and prone to disobey rules or commit crimes. 59.6 percent of the sample were boys and 40.4 percent - girls. The age average of participants is 9.5 ± 0.2 years. Changes in participant’s behaviour were evaluated by means of Lithuanian translation of Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) questionnaire.
Results The major effect of dialectical behaviour program was observed when the child had social problems or when his (her) behaviour was aggressive. All participants improved in four aspects: became less aggressive, less prone to break rules, became more attentive and having less social problems. Symptoms of avoidance/depression decreased only for boys, anxiety/depression decreased only for girls. The level of anxiety/depression changed only for ten-year-olds, levels of avoidance/depression and somatic complaints statistically significantly did not change for all age groups.
Conclusions This program positively affected the expression of behavioural and emotional problems for children 8–11 years old. The major change was observed in aggressive behaviour, social and attention problems. A tendency for elder children to respond better to the treatment was noticed.