Background and aims Near Point of Convergence (NPC) is used to diagnose Convergence Insufficiency (CI), and the existence of common symptoms between CI and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been suggested as an important aspect to be investigated. The aims of this study was to analyse NPC measurement in children with ADHD and the presence of common symptoms between ADHD and CI through the application of standardised questionnaires and to establish the percentage of individuals that scored questions in common between the ones applied.
Methods A transversal study was performed between June and September 2013, with students from 7 to 17 years old, with previous diagnosis of ADHD in which NPC measure was realised and two previously validated questionnaires were applied: one for triage of CI-CISS symptoms and other for the diagnostic criteria to ADHD – MTA-SNP-IV. The data was analysed using SPSS v.20 software.
Results Seventy-five students were accepted on the study, 62(82.7%) male and 13 (17.3%) female, with age of 11.24 ± 2.33 years old. Mean to NPC was 17.19 cm. NPC was altered in 85.3%. When NPC measure was >5 cm, both questionnaires were positive in 92% of students and 56% of scored questions in common between the two ones.
Conclusions This study indicates a high prevalence of CI in the population with ADHD, and shows an overlap of symptoms that were highlighted by comparing the questionnaires applied, suggesting the need to introduce the ocular muscles examination in children with diagnosed or suspected ADHD.