Background Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most important adverse sequelae of premature birth and the most common form of chronic lung disease of infancy. It is relevant in the current health care climate due to the health care costs it may generate owing to the long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental complications.
Aims To understand the prevalence, characteristics and outcomes of BPD cases in a UK tertiary neonatal unit.
Methods The Badger neonatal database was analysed for BPD and cases included if they required oxygen at corrected gestational age of 36 weeks. Their outcome and impact on neonatal services were studied over the past 4 years, after categorisation into inborn and outborn babies.
Results In the last 4 years we had 5342 admissions to our neonatal unit, 159 of who had BPD. The results are as below:
Conclusion BPD is a major morbidity among preterm babies. The cases are increasing in number due to increasing survival of extremely preterm babies. The increasing demand for home oxygen and associated comorbidities in these babies have implications for paediatric community service teams.