Background 54 million deaths occurred worldwide and about one third was due to infectious diseases in developing countries and among children, globally. Infectious diseases are important causes of mortality and morbidity in children and have particular concern in paediatrics’ wards. Distinguishing the features and subtypes of infectious diseases could facilitate avoiding advanced interventions, therefore, we aimed to investigate infectious disorders in hospitalised children in Rasht/ Iran.
Materials and methods This is a descriptive cross-sectional study which was conducted on 1 months to 14 years old hospitalised children in north part of Iran, Rasht. data were gathered through a checklist which assessed age, sex, place of inhabitants, season of admission, duration of hospitalisation and final diagnosis. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, frequency, maximum and minimum were used to report the results by SPSSv16 software.
Results During the study, 4676 hospitalised children were admitted and 29% reported infectious disorders. 83.2% of infected patients were children aged less than 5 years. The mean duration of hospitalisation for infectious disease was 5 ± 4/6 ??days. Results demonstrated that infectious diseases were more frequent in male, winter and urban residents. Also, Respiratory tract and gastrointestinal infections showed the highest frequencies which were 40.1% and 37.2%, respectively. Bacterial pneumonia was the most frequent infection among respiratory tract infections (30.1%).
Conclusion Since, recent studies regarding to infectious diseases could be used for national planning and medical requirements’ preparation, it seems that periodical assessment of these diseases is mandatory.