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O-017 Right Ventricular Function In Infants With Severe Bronchiolitis And Different Respiratory Support
  1. L Rodriguez Guerineau1,
  2. L Pérez Baena1,
  3. S Segura Matute1,
  4. J Bartrons2,
  5. M Pons-Odena1,
  6. M Balaguer1,
  7. I Jordán1,
  8. FJ Cambra1
  1. 1Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain
  2. 2Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain

Abstract

Background and aims Cardiac dysfunction during bronchiolitis has been reported but few studies have assessed right ventricular function (RVF). The aim of this study was to assess RVF in infants with severe bronchiolitis with different respiratory support.

Methods Prospective study of under 3-month-old infants admitted to the PICU for severe bronchiolitis. Patients were classified in 3 groups according to the respiratory support: CPAP, bilevel positive airway pressure (BLPAP) and mechanical ventilation (MV). If the respiratory support was changed, echocardiography was repeated. Morphology and systolic and diastolic function were evaluated by echocardiography including Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI).

Results 30 echocardiographies were performed: 9 in infants with CPAP (4–8 cmH2O), 10 in BLPAP (13–16 cmH2O/6–8 cmH2O) and 10 in MV (PEEP 5–9 cmH2O and MAP 9–17 cmH2O). There was no difference in age or weight between the groups. The most relevant results are shown in Table 1.

Conclusions As respiratory support increases, decreased systolic and diastolic RVF is observed by TDI in infants with severe bronchiolitis.

Abstract O-017 Table 1

Description of right ventricular function in infants with bronchiolitis with different respiratory support

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