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PO-0053 Health Affecting Behaviour Changes In Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  1. V Bulikaite,
  2. V Grigaliuniene,
  3. A Vaskelyte
  1. Nursing and Care, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania

Abstract

Background Is very important to teach the patien with diabetes to live together with this incurable disease so they avoid late complications. The transference of knowledge to a patient does not always change his/her behaviour.

The aim To analyse changes of adolescents diabetes habits of nutrition, physical activity, smoking, and usage of alcohol before contracting diabetes and when 3, 6 and 12 month pass after the contraction of diabetes.

Material and methods The study was conducted in Children Endocrinology department, Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine. 50 adolescents of 13–17 years old with diabetes participated in anonymous questionnaire survey. Pre-test and post-test design was used to conduct the study. The Wilcoxon‘s paired sample test was used to determine the difference in groups.

Results The study revealed that 41% who participated in the study did not eat regular, 22% did not attend any sports, 53% of adolescents were smoking and 40% of the surveyed were taking alcohol before contracting diabetes. When 3 months passed after the diagnosis of diabetes, the number of patients eating regular significantly increased, 89% not doing any sports, 16% were smoking, 12% admitted they were taking alcohol. After 6 and 12 months patients behaviour was changed (p < 0,05).

Conclusion Three months after diagnosis of diabetes mellitus most of adolescents ate regularly, there were less of those who smoked, consumed alcohol and the lowest number of those who exercised when compared with findings of surveys conducted before diagnosis and after six or twelve months.

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