Background and aims Inadequate physical activity (PA) is a common thread running through most public health problems across the world. PA declines during the lifespan, especially during adolescence. We studied the current status of PA of children in Anand, India in the age group 11–19 years.
Methods Cross-sectional study using a self-reported Physical Activity Questionnaire (PAQ-A) which has consistently high validity and moderate reliability. It comprehensively captures the PA in last 7 days. Self-reported anthropometric data and socio-demographic data were also recorded. Of 3337 participants, anthropometric data was not reported in 784.
Results Mean physical activity level (n = 3337) amongst adolescents was 2.62 (0.72 SD). In females it was 2.5670 (0 . 71 SD) and in males was 2.66 (0.73 SD). Correlating their PA with age, in females (n = 1410) correlation was -0.204 and in males (n = 1927) it was -.095. PA declines with age but in males not statistically significant. Lowest PA of 1.93 was reported from school (n = 231) where most students were appearing for boards within a year. Correlating PA with BMI (n = 2553), overall correlation was -0.116 showing insignificant correlation. Correlation of BMI with PA was -0.314 for an affluent school (n = 328). Most common physical activity was BICYCLING in males 55.9% and in females 51.7%. Swimming was practiced by 5.8%. Overall (n = 2617) 15.7% were overweight/obese (BMI > 23 for Indian population) In which 16.5% male and 14.8% female.
Conclusions PA in adolescents is not as per recommended levels. Solutions to improve PA need to be innovated for Indian Schools.
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