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237 The Observational Rating Scale of Parental Interactions (ORSPI): A Useful Measure of the Quality of Fathers’ Interactions with their Infants?
  1. J Taylor1,
  2. K Benzies2,
  3. J Magill-Evans3,
  4. C Beer1,
  5. C Glazebrook1
  1. 1School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  2. 2Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary
  3. 3Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Abstract

Background and aims The quality of father-infant interaction impacts on infant developmental outcomes and is increasingly targeted for intervention. Review of the literature reveals few measures to assess the quality of parent-infant interaction during a structured task. Studies exploring the quality of fathers’ interactions have to date, only used the costly and time-consuming Nursing Child Teaching Assessment Scale (NCATS) to rate father-infant interaction. This study aims to explore the reliability and validity of the ORSPI as a measure of the quality of father-infant interaction.

Method Videotapes of 152 five-month old and 74 eight-month old father-infant dyads interacting during a structured task were rated using the 8 item ORSPI scale (scores range from 1–15). Total ORSPI scores were correlated with previously rated NCATS scores. Internal consistency and intra-rater reliability of the ORSPI were also assessed.

Results ORSPI scores were significantly positively correlated with NCATS total caregiver scores for five-month dyads (r=0.513, p<0.001) and eight-month dyads (r=0.634, p<0.001) indicating good concurrent validity. The ORSPI had excellent intra-rater reliability (ICC=0.931) and satisfactory internal consistency (five-month old dyads: Cronbach’s alpha=0.522; eight-month old dyads: Cronbach’s alpha=0.590). Father-infant dyads rated at both five and eight months old (N=74) showed that scores decreased significantly over time Wilcoxon signed rank test (ORSPI: Z= –2.277, p=0.023; NCATS Z= –3.059, p=0.002).

Conclusions The ORSPI has good concurrent validity, correlating with the highly regarded NCATS, and was both easy to use and reliable. These findings support its use as a simple measure of the quality of father-infant interaction.

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