Introduction IDDM is one of the chronic illnesses in children and adolescences. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of self care training on knowledge and coping strategies in 12–18 years juveniles’ diabetic type1.
Material and method In this quasi-experimental study a non randomized sample (convenience sampling) of 112 diabetic juvenile were selected. The subjects divided in experimental and control groups). Data were collected by using a test for measuring self care knowledge and Tobin Coping Strategies questionnaire before and six weeks post intervention. The diabetic juveniles in the experimental group received self card training in six, 70–90 minute sessions. Date was analyzed by the SPSS11.5.
Findings There were not statistical significant differences in knowledge, efficient and inefficient coping strategies before and post intervention in control group (p≥0.05). There were significant increase (p≤0.05) in the post intervention mean score of self care knowledge in the experimental group. Also there were significant increase (p≤0.05) in the post intervention mean score of efficient coping strategies and significant decrease in mean score of inefficient coping strategies in the experimental group (p≤0.05).
Conclusion The findings support the importance and effectiveness of self care training program for increasing knowledge and improvement of coping strategies in diabetic juveniles.