Objectives Incidence of acute drug intoxications (ADI) within general pathology and various parameters (sex, social environment, age group, etiologic spectrum, clinical form, average period of hospitalization).
Material and Method A retrospective statistic study of ADI in children aged 0–16 years, admitted to 2nd Pediatric Clinic, Emergency County Hospital Craiova, over a period of 6 years (01.01.2006–31.12.2011).
Results Of the total number of 14427 admitted children, aged 0–16 years, 645 presented acute intoxications with various etiologies, among which 252 had ADI; intoxication type: accidental in 154 (61.1%), voluntary in 98 (38.9%).
Accidental ADI: sex M/F=54/100, social environment U/R=93/61, age group (years): 0–1/1–3/3–6/6–10= 27/68/33/26.
Voluntary ADI: M/F=23/75, U/R=59/39, age (years): 6–10/ 10–14/14–16= 7/37/54.
Etiologic spectrum in the studied group: AINS/antialgics in 39 (15.5%), methoclopramid 29 (11.5%), anti-epileptics 24 (9.5%), tranquilizers/sedatives 15 (5.9%), neuroleptics 9 (3.6%), para-sympathicolitics 8 (3.2%), antibiotics/antiparasitary 17 (6.7%), drugs with cardio-vascular effect 8 (3.2%), drug combinations 41 (16.3%), other drugs 12 (4.8%), unknown 50 (19.8%). Clinical forms: mild in 127 (50.4%), moderate 101 (40.1%) and severe 24 (9.5%). No deaths were registered with ADI.
Average period of hospitalization: accidental ADI 3.33±2.54 (1–9), voluntary ADI 3.28±1.24 (1–6) days.
Conclusions ADI represented 39.1% of the total number of acute intoxications; 61.1% of ADI were accidental. Most ADI were caused by AINS, methoclopramid, anti-epileptics. ADI prevailed in females, in urban children, both in voluntary and accidental ADI. The clinical forms were mostly mild.
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