Background and Aim Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among critically ill children. This retrospective surveillance study was performed to estimate the burden of HAIs in a paediatric intensive care unit of our country. During the 61/2 years study 660 patients were treated in the PICU for >48 hours.
Methods A retrospective study of healthcare associated pneumonia (HAP) blood stream and urinary tract infections is recorded.
Results The crude infection rate were healthcare-associated pneumonia, bloodstream and urinary tract infections and approximately above the two thirds came from microbes isolated from bronchial aspirations. Table 1 positive cultures.
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa was the commonest infected bacterium followed by Staphylococcus Aureus and Klebsiella Pneumoniae in very low percentage. Table 2 microbes strain.
Conclusions The above data are similar in those in literature and active surveillance is essential to reduce the burden of HAIs and intensive efforts have already began.