Background and Aims In recent decades in our country, were deployed care programs and child health by facilitating the identification of external injuries. Among others, the disease control immunopreventable contributed to external causes was put among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to identify pediatric hospitalizations for injuries in external Teaching Hospital, Maternal Child Health Reference of the city of Petrópolis, mountainous region of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Methods Cross-sectional study of pediatric hospitalizations with a diagnosis of Injury in the period 2004 to 2010 in Teaching Hospital is not referenced to childhood trauma.
Results 7397 children were hospitalized during the study period, 311 being distributed by external causes: TBI: 23.8%, 17.4% Burns; Mistreatment 17%, 13.5% exogenous poisoning; Multiple Trauma 8%; Presence of foreign bodies in orifices natural 7.7%, 1.5% Semi-drowning; Miscellaneous 11.1%. The number cases/year in 2004 was 2.6% and 8.2% in 2010. The gender distribution was 57.6% male, mean age of 5.2 years and duration of hospitalization was 7.3 days.
Conclusion The data analysis shows a relative increase of hospitalization for injuries in our hospital we attach to implementation and effectiveness of control programs for primary health care of the child.