Background and Aims Only with the 1988 Constitution (Article 227), Brazil began to recognize the child as “subject” of rights and not as property of their parents. This constitution created the Statute of Children and Adolescents (Law 8069/90) which states that children and adolescents are carrying special rights, ie they must be respected and protected. Today violence is considered a universal phenomenon that affects all ages, social classes, religions, and is one of the most serious public health problems, is the leading cause of infant mortality from the age of five. This study aimed to analyze the children admitted to the Teaching Hospital Alcides Carneiro, Brazil suspected of Maltreatment.
Methodology Cross-sectional study of cases reported to the Guardian Council of Petrópolis at the Pediatric Hospital Alcides Carneiro, from May 2007 to March 2010.
Results met the inclusion criteria of the study 61 patients, of whom 55% were female. Of the total, 15.27% had multiple types of abuse, a total of 72 reports (63.7% Neglect, physical abuse 19.4%, Sexual 12.7% and Psychological 4.2%). As to age: infants 36%, 13% preschoolers, school 16.4% and 26.2% adolescents. The mother was responsible for 73.8% of assaults and father by 44.3%, and in some cases both are equally liable.
Conclusion This study draws attention to the magnitude of the problem to be faced by those in the routine is responsible for the comprehensive care for the child’s health.