Aim Assessment of nutritional knowledge and physical activity rate among the children and evaluation of their nutritional intake.
Methods Cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected schools of Tbilisi. In each school was selected one group of the second grade children and their parents by cluster selection method. A population of 290 children aged 6–8 years and their parents were interviewed.
Results In general, the level of knowledge related to rich sources of nutrients was poor. The most of the children can’t identify the role of calcium (72.6%), proteins (68.1%) and iron (84.6 %). Children prefer to eat foods they like (71.8%), such as sweets and cakes, hamburgers and etc. The most of the children (83.3%) have normal weight for age, underweight was revealed in 3.1%, overweight in 12.3% and obesity in 1.4% cases. The assessment of dietary intake show, that intake of fruits and vegetables, as well as milk and milk products is quite low, while intake of bread and pastry, and sweets are quite high. Daily consumption of sweets was significantly higher in girls (64.2%) than in boys (47.5%) (p<0.01). Only 62 % of children eat the breakfast, most children 60.4% view TV during the meal time or play computer games. The most of the children play the active games approximately 30–60 minutes, quite often children play active games only 20–30 minutes.
Conclusion The dietary intake of children does not correspond to WHO recommendations. It is recommended to implement nutrition education programs for children an parents.
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