Aim To examine physical growth and nutritional status of school children in Novi Sad, during the school year 2010/2011 and determine differences in relation to primary and secondary school children.
Methods On the medical examination of school children aged 7–14 (primary school) and 15–19 (secondary school) in Novi Sad we registered the total number of children: with normal weight (from –1.5SD to +1.5SD), obese (+1.5 to 3SD) and thin children (from-1.5SD to –3SD); of average height (from –1.5SD to+1.5SD), tall (+2SD, +3SD) and short (–2SD, –3SD) (nomogram provided by Vukovic).
Results From the total number of the enrolled pupils(n=40861) we have examined 37.25% (n=15222): there were 12783 (83.98%) of average height, 2325 (15.27%) tall pupils and low height pupils 114 (0.75%); 11990 (78.77%) of well-nourished, obese 2404 (15.79%) and underweight children 828 (5.44%).After comparing the data from primary and secondary schools, a statistically significant difference, considering a total number of tall, short, obese, and thin pupils, was in favor of primary school children (p<0.01). There were more children with normal weight in secondary schools (p>0.05), and more obese children in primary schools (p>0.05).
Conclusion During 2010/2011, the assessment of growth and nutritional status results of school children were in favor of primary school children. There were more children with normal weight children in secondary schools, and more obese children in primary schools, but the differences were not significant.