Objective In this study, we aimed to determine the frequency of dyslipidemia secondary to childhood obesity which has rapidly increasing prevalence in recent years and compare lipid profiles in obese and nonobese children.
Methods We scanned children between 2 to 16 years old whom appears were obese and the patients who has BMI above 95. percentile were included in study. These children’s weight, height and BMI were determined and fasting serum triglyceride, cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels were measured and compared with the control group of 124 children in the range of similar age with normal BMI. In our study the mean values of total cholesterol and triglyceride levels of obese children were significantly higher than the control group and obesity was significantly associated with high total cholesterol (44.5%), triglyceride elevation (48.7%), LDL cholesterol elevation (38.7%) and HDL (23.5). In obese children the total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels were significantly higher than the control group. A total of 62.6 % of the obese children showed an abnormal lipid profile. In case abnormal lipid profile was significantly higher than the control group.
Conclusion Obese children are at risk of dyslipoproteinemia and related diseases.
These findings demonstrate the importance of proper screening and early diagnosis of childhood obesity to prevent potential complications of obesity and dyslipidemia in both childhood and adult age.
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