Background Neonatal mortality rate plays a role for almost 40 per cent of under-five child mortality, globally. An understanding about the factors related to neonatal mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to prevent neonatal deaths.
Objective To determine risk factor for neonatal mortality.
Methods We conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Kariadi Hospital Semarang, Indonesia. Data was taken from medical records of babies who fulfilled inclusion criteria and admitted from January 2010 until December 2011. Neonatal mortality was defined as a death of neonates (until 28 days). Risk factors were studied included: birth weight, gestation period, sepsis, type of delivery, length of stay (LOS) Statistical analyses used: X2 and logistic regression.
Results We obtained 278 (18% from totally babies who admitted) neonatal deaths as a Case Group and 280 babies as Control group from level 2 ward Kariadi Hospital. We found between two groups prematurity has (OR=1.6; 95% CI:1.1–2.6), low birth weight in prematurity (OR=2.0; 95% CI:1.2–3.5) and sepsis in prematurity (OR=2.2; 95% CI:1.1–4.2) while other risk factors (birth weight, type of delivery, LOS) have lower points.
Conclusion Sepsis in prematurity was a risk factor for neonatal mortality.