Background and Aim Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a serious health condition that causes significant morbidity and serious developmental problems in children. The aim of this study was the identification of the role of pregnancy complications in the development of growth retardation.
Study Design 210 women with complicated pregnancy and their newborn infants were included in study. Pregnant women were classified depending on different pathologies such as preeclampsia, anemia, somatic diseases and their combinations. IUGR identified in infants whose estimated anthropometrical measurements was below the 10th percentile for its gestational age, and also confirmed using the Dubowitz/Ballard scale.
Results The IUGR was detected in 38.46% in women with different somatic diseases of pregnancy, in 50% in women with preeclampsia, 30.30% in women with different grade of anemia. Highest frequency (66.66%) of this syndrom was diagnosed in infants whose mothers suffered from both preeclampsia and anemia during pregnancy, and in 33.3% of these infants determined symmetrical type growth restriction.
Conclusion Preeclampsia is one of the main factor affecting maternal-placental-fetal interactions and it may be accepted as more serious risk factor when associates with anemia in pregnancy.