Pain is one of the most common reasons for which children visit the emergency department (ED). Nevertheless, pain is frequently under-recognized and under-treated in this setting. Ongoing evidence continues to show the harmful effects of pain on children’s behavior and development.
The treatment of acute pain and anxiety in children undergoing therapeutic and diagnostic procedures in the emergency department has improved dramatically over the last few years. The availability of noninvasive monitoring devices and the use of short acting sedative and analgesic medications enable physicians to conduct safe and effective sedation and analgesia treatment. In today’s practice of paediatric emergency medicine, sedation and analgesia has been considered as the standard of care for procedural pain.
This lecture will be focused on the basic principles of paediatric procedural sedation and analgesia in the paediatric ED.