The objective of our study is to assess the prevalence of infectious perinatal risk situations in the delivery maternity room in Souissi hospital in Rabat, Morocco.
Materials and Methods A prospective study about all infants born in maternity Souissi (Rabat) during one year: from first January to 31 December 2010. We included all newborns symptomatic or not at birth and whose mothers have at least one infectious case histories from the following: rupture of membrane ≥ 12 hours, chorioamnionitis, urinary tract infection and/or genital, fever ≥ 38°c before or in early labor.
Results On a total of 14792 live births, 1602 newborns were prone to a risky infection (10.83%). Prolonged rupture of membranes showed 1341 cases including 59 newborns were premature. The duration of the rupture was between 12 and 24 hours in 44.30% of cases, between 24 and 48 hours in 44, 37% of cases and more than 48 hours in 11.33% of cases. On 133 cases of chorioamnionitis (10.67%) 129 newborns were full-term and 7 were premature.
The obstetric decision was caesarean section delivery in 25.78% of cases. 4.74% of newborns had respiratory distress with a single case of death in the first hours of life. 4.50% were preterm and 8.86% were hypotrophy. Hospitalization was required from the outset in 1059 cases among which 133 were hospitalized. For other patients an inflammatory report was requested. The were followed as outpatients.