Background Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection has been recognized as a cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, atrophic gastritis and gastric cancer. Its acquisition is related with poor socioeconomic conditions while the relationship of nutrition and Hp is still a question.
Aim To analyzed if socioeconomic factors and dietary contribute to Hp re-infection in pediatric age.
Patients and methods 150 patients (92 males; age range 5–16 years) with Hp infection treated and eradicated in the past. 55 patients with Hp re-infection and 95 patients not re-infected.
We interviewed the children with questionnaire about socioeconomics factors, hygiene, living conditions and their dietary habits.
Results A lower frequency of fermented dairy food, fruits and vegetable consumption was registred among children with Hp re-infection as compared to not been re-infected.
Among persons with Hp re-infection were noted low socio-economic markers such as croweded living conditions, a large number of siblings and unclean water.
Conclusions Might decrease the risk of Hp re-infection the use of probiotic, vitamin C, antioxidants contained in fruit and vegetables.
Risk factors for Hp re-infection are low socioeconomics factors, hygiene and living conditions.
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