Background we retrospectively assessed mortality and morbidity rates of very low birth weight infants followed in Adnan Menderes University Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Methods 73 newborns with birth weight lower than 1500 g and gestational age under 32 weeks followed between January 2009 and December 2011 were included. Demographic characteristics, perinatal events, postnatal complications, duration of mechanical ventilation, mortality rates, length of hospital stay were investigated.
Results Mean gestational age was 28.1 ±2.4 (23–32) weeks, mean birth weight was 1116.8±247.6 (600–1500) g, mean mother age was 27.1± 6.2 (17–41). Median duration of ventilation was 173.4±182.2 (0–912) hours. Twenty % of the cases died; with median gestational age of 26.3±3.3 (23–32) weeks and median birth weight of 886±310 (600–1450) g. Sixty-four % of the babies had mechanical ventilation support. Incidence of PDA, NEC, ROP were 19%, 13.6%, 19% respectively. Nineteen % of the infants had intracranial hemorrhage. Six infants had neurological abnormalities at discharge.
Conclusion Overall survival rates of our unit were found to be similar with previously reported rates from our country. Gestational age and birth weight correlated with survival and morbidity rates. Assessing outcomes of our NICU will provide us not only a new approach on understanding and management of these infants but also bring a perspective on predicting the prognosis and informing parents.