Objectives The present study was done at Damanhour Teaching Hospital to identify the following aims:
To estimate the prevalence rate % of NI among different dept. in the hospital.
To determine the influence of the number of sinks on the NI rate %.
To assess the knowledge of the medical staff regarding the importance and the proper way of hand washing.
To focus on the importance of hospital design in developing countries.
Patients and Methods The target population for this study consisted of 217 patients admitted at the hospital ς< = 48 hours. A questionnaire was developed by the researchers after reviewing literature. This questionnaire composed of two parts, the first part elicited the clinical examination supported by the laboratory and x-rays investigations to assure the exactly number of the nosocomial infected patients among 217 patients the, second part included questions covering the number of sinks, number of occupied beds, number of medical staff in the chosen hospital departments. Samples were taken from the wounds aerobically and nonaerobically.
Results and discussion The sinks are completely insufficient for hand washing (about one sink for every 40 medical staff). The data showed that E.coli is the microorganism most commonly isolated from nosocomial infected patients which improve the improper hand washing and the poor personal hygiene.