To study the microbial pattern of AGE in Jordan.
To emphasize the importance of Rota virus in the etiology of AGE.
Methods All cases of AGE admitted to our pediatric department/Islamic hospital in 2008 were retrospectively reviewed for the results of stool tests, age, sex, duration of stay in hospital and the main symptoms.
Results A total of 1378 cases of AGE were admitted in 2008.
Confirmed diagnoses by stool testing in 570 cases (42%)
Stool tests were negative in 784 cases (58%)
Rotavirus cases = 485 (35%)
Adenovirus cases = 42 (5%)
Entameba histolytica cases = 35 (1.5%)
Bacterial (shigella sp., salmonella sp.) cases = 8 (0.5%)
Rotavirus was found in 85% of all stool +ve cases.
M/F = 1.15:1
Age: < 1year = 52%, 1–5years = 39%, > 5years = 9%
Mean hospital stay = 2.5 days.
Presentations: fever (70%), vomiting (85%), diarrhea (96%)
Conclusion AGE is a major cause of hospital admissions in Jordan.
Rotavirus is the main cause of AGE accounting for about 35% of all causative agents.
About 90% of all cases of Rotavirus AGE occur in children under 5 years of age and
More than 50% of cases occur in infants.
Vaccination against rotavirus is now the best preventive measure.