Aim Main goal of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of chronic lung disease (CLD) among premature infants on home oxygen.
Methods Medical records of 28 premature infants on home oxygen (mean = 6.8±4.6 months) were examined retrospectively. All infants were diagnosed with CLD. Data including demographic information, duration of ventilation, home oxygen and medication were collected.
Results All eligible infants (17/28 (60%) are males and 15/28 (53%) are white Caucasians) were born under 30 weeks of gestation (Range from 23 weeks to 29+6 weeks). Of these, 22/28 (79%) infants had a birth weight of < 900grams (range from 500 grams to 899 grams). 13/28 (46%) and 14/28 (50% %) infants had one and two dose of surfactant respectively at birth. All infants were ventilated for a mean period of 22.9 days (range from1 to 91 days) and they received home oxygen for a mean period of 6.8 months (range 1 to 18 months). 1/28 (3.5%) infant had persistent PDA on discharge. Mothers of 22/28 (78%) infants had received two doses of steroid prior to delivery.
Conclusion Our findings showed that duration of home oxygen was not significantly related to gestational age or birth weight. We found no significant association between the length of mechanical ventilation and the period of home oxygen. Conversely, length of mechanical ventilation was related to both gestational age and birth weight.