Purpose To illustrate a wide spectrum of congenital anomalies of the urinary tract in children.
Materials and Methods We demonstrate radiological evaluation and its clinical significance of congenital anomalies of the urinary tract in pediatric patients.
Results Demonstrated various pediatric congenital urological anomalies included kidney (renal agenesis, ectopic kidney, multicystic dysplastic kidney, duplication), ureter (primary megaureter, ectopic ureterocele, ectopic insertion of ureter), bladder (anterior bladder diverticulum), and urethra (posterior urethral valve, urethral diverticulum, urethral polyp). We also described its clinical significance.
Conclusion Radiological evaluation including Ultrasonography, CT, and/or MRI is very useful for diagnosis and follow-up of pediatric urologic structural anomalies.