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490 Risk Factors of Asthma Exacerbation in Children
  1. DT Qosaj,
  2. S Hasani,
  3. H Ymeri
  1. Pulmonology, Univeristy Clinical Centre of Kosova, Prishtina, Kosovo

Abstract

Introduction Asthma is chronic disease which in recent years prevalence shows increase rate. In this study we analize triggers that parents or child will tell as a risk factor for asthma exacerbation in children with asthma:

Aim Presenting cases treated in pulmonology clinic during their exacerbation and triggers that can lead to asthma exacerbation.

Method It is a prospective study, we include 92 children who came with symptoms of asthma exacerbation in pulmonology clinic. Asthma was clasified according to GINA classification and evaluate from parent/caregiver or child about risk factors that lead to exacerbation. Factors were listed by GINA.

Results Asthma exacerbation symptoms at children that were examined are cough(100%),difficult breathing(96%) and wheezing(24%) and chest tightness. From all children in our study 34% had one trigger, 16% 2 triggers and the others had more than 3 trigers that lead to asthma exacerbation. Triggers of asthma exacerbation are changing weather(cold air) (36%), viral infecsion(48%), passive smoking (36%), polen(16.6%) and 25% of parents don’t know risk factors that lead to asthma exacerbation. Most of the children in the study lives in town (75%).

Conclusion Our study shows that viral infection and cold air are very common triggers of asthma exacerbation especially in small children while in children older than 5 years passive smoking is very present (36%) as risk factor.

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