Introduction Asthma is chronic disease which in recent years prevalence shows increase rate. In this study we analize triggers that parents or child will tell as a risk factor for asthma exacerbation in children with asthma:
Aim Presenting cases treated in pulmonology clinic during their exacerbation and triggers that can lead to asthma exacerbation.
Method It is a prospective study, we include 92 children who came with symptoms of asthma exacerbation in pulmonology clinic. Asthma was clasified according to GINA classification and evaluate from parent/caregiver or child about risk factors that lead to exacerbation. Factors were listed by GINA.
Results Asthma exacerbation symptoms at children that were examined are cough(100%),difficult breathing(96%) and wheezing(24%) and chest tightness. From all children in our study 34% had one trigger, 16% 2 triggers and the others had more than 3 trigers that lead to asthma exacerbation. Triggers of asthma exacerbation are changing weather(cold air) (36%), viral infecsion(48%), passive smoking (36%), polen(16.6%) and 25% of parents don’t know risk factors that lead to asthma exacerbation. Most of the children in the study lives in town (75%).
Conclusion Our study shows that viral infection and cold air are very common triggers of asthma exacerbation especially in small children while in children older than 5 years passive smoking is very present (36%) as risk factor.