Conrad Ramstedt performed the first pyloromyotomy for what is now called idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis 100 years ago. The intervening century has seen the management of this condition transformed but the underlying cause remains a mystery. This article reviews the treatment of this condition before and after the introduction of pyloromyotomy and the advances made subsequently towards understanding its cause.
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Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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