Article Text

PDF
Short report
Intravenous paracetamol overdose: two case reports and a change to national treatment guidelines
  1. Richard M Beringer1,
  2. John P Thompson2,
  3. Sarah Parry1,
  4. Peter A Stoddart1
  1. 1Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia and Acute Pain Management, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, UK
  2. 2National Poisons Information Service (Cardiff), University Hospital Llandough, Penarth, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Richard Beringer, Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol BS2 8BJ, UK; richard.beringer{at}uhbristol.nhs.uk

Abstract

Two cases of 10-fold accidental overdose with intravenous paracetamol are presented. Case 1: A 5-month-old child with intussusception received 90 mg/kg intravenous paracetamol over an 8 h period. She was not initially treated with an antidote and developed hepatic impairment. Case 2: A 6-month-old child received a single dose of 75 mg/kg intravenous paracetamol. The child was treated with N-acetylcysteine and remained well without hepatic impairment. Therapeutic errors such as 10-fold overdosing are relatively common in children. Case 1 demonstrates that intravenous paracetamol is a potentially dangerous drug. This should be taken into consideration when prescribing the intravenous formulation. The concentration–time nomogram used following oral paracetamol overdose should be used with caution following intravenous overdose. Significant overdose should be discussed with the National Poisons Information Service whose guidance suggests intervention with antidote following an overdose above 60 mg/kg.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.