Article Text

EVALUATION ON NUTRITION STATE IN URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN
  1. C S Cosoveanu1,
  2. D Bulucea2
  1. 1Paediatric Clinic, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Emergency County Hospital, Craiova, Dolj, Romania
  2. 2Paediatric Clinic, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Filantropia Municipal Hospital, Craiova, Dolj, Romania

Abstract

Objective The objectives of the study were to reveal an increase of obese and overweight pre-school children over a six-month period and to identify the factors which led to it.

Methods We carried out an evaluation study on nutrition state in the pre-school children coming from an urban kindergarten, from September, 2007 to March, 2008. Criteria for inclusion: children aged 3 to 7 years with BMI>percentile 95 for age and gender in obesity, 85<BMI<95 percentile for age and gender in overweight, 85<BMI<5 percentile for age and gender in eutrophy and BMI<5 percentile for age and gender in dystrophy.

Results Out of 235 children, 46 (19.6%) were obese, 41 (17.4%) overweight, 145 (61.7%) eutrophic, and 3 (1.3%) dystrophic. The distribution on gender was: 1 boy and 2 girls in dystrophy; equal in eutrophic cases; 70.7% overweight girls, and 63.04% obese boys. Within the study group, we evaluated, over a six-month period, the weight curve, Body Mass Indexes (BMI), the dietary pattern, and the children exercise. After the six-month observation period, the reevaluation established: 2 (0.08%) cases were dystrophic, 128 (54.5%) eutrophic, 51 (21.7%) overweight and 54 (23%) obese.

Conclusions We noticed that the number of obesity and overweight cases is growing, especially in boys. In 2/3 of these cases we noticed both a quantitative and qualitative alimentary abuse, associated with a lack of exercise in 45% of cases.

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