Article Text

OVERWEIGHT AND BODY COMPOSITION IN YOUNG ATHLETES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
  1. C Diaconu1,
  2. R Diaconu2,
  3. F Raducan1,
  4. V Dinu1
  1. 1Department of Sports Medicine, Emergency Hospital Craiova, Craiova, Romania
  2. 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Municipal Hospital, Craiova, Romania

Abstract

Objective Assessing body composition may be a predictive factor for the risk of trauma in sports medicine.

Methods Our study followed the athletes aged 12 to 18 years admitted to our Sports Medicine Department during the last 6 months of 2007. Three separate groups emerged: first, the overweight group (n = 124), the second group with normal weight and body fat excess (n = 215) and the control group with normal weight and body composition (n = 342). We performed a statistical analysis between the groups using the Chi-squared test.

Results The overall risk for trauma were similar in the first two groups (p>0.05) but we found a statistical significant difference between the first two groups and the control, third group (p = 0.001). We also identified particular sports predisposing for trauma associated with body fat excess: football, handball and tennis, while the martial arts, saber and judo were less related to the body fat excess.

Conclusion The body composition is a more accurate predictive factor for trauma in certain sports compared to the body weight.

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