The national data show a receding of the child percentage nursed exclusively to the breast and the length of the breastfeeding.
This study is a prospective, descriptive and analytic survey of 211 couple’s mother–newborn child hospitalised in the Souissi maternity hospital of Rabat in order to describe factors associated with a receding of breastfeeding. We excluded from this study the mothers having been confined by caesarean, those hospitalized in intensive care unit and those whose newborn baby is deceased.
The mean mothers’ age was 29.3±6.7 years. 32% were illiterate and 90% were housewives. 49% of the mothers were primiparas. The difficulties noticed during a previous breastfeeding were mostly due to an insufficient lactation chaps (80%). 70.6% had no idea about the value of the colostrums. Only 22.3% were informed about breastfeeding. Concerning the practices in maternity, 91% of the mothers breastfed their child. The first breastfeeding was given after the first 6 hours of life in 52%. The introduction of the vebena and sugar was noticed in 45.5%. The duration under consideration of breastfeeding was less than 6 months in 30%.
Finally, there is still a lack of knowledge about the promotion of breastfeeding in the hospital, particularly in the field of the communication between the women and the health professionals.