Introduction Promoting appropriate physical activity (PhyA) and eating behaviour should be a primary aim for public health institutions. The onset of sedentary lifestyle and obesity in childhood is very likely to persist in adulthood. Therefore, early interventions are to be pursued.
Aims (1) To know the quality of our children’s diet. (2) To establish priorities to improve our children’s diet. (3) Analyse relationship between body mass index, diet quality and physical activity.
Methods We enrolled 294 children. Parent’s consent was obtained. We measured height, weight, body mass index (BMI). Diet information was obtained from a 7-day diet questionnaire, the Healthy Nutrition K13Plus (HNK13P) scale, and the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in Childhood scale. PhyA information was obtained from a 7-day PhyA questionnaire.
Results See table.
Conclusions: Our children’s eating behaviours are suboptimal. Consumption of dairy products, fruits and vegetables should be increased. Pastry and protein of animal origin should be reduced. The quality of nutrition showed a significant inverse correlation with BMI and direct correlation with moderate intensity PhyA.