Article Text

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTOR OF DELTOID FIBROSIS IN 3 COMMUNES IN VIETNAM
  1. T T Tu1,
  2. N T Liem2,
  3. N V Loc3,
  4. D Tu4,
  5. N N Hung5
  1. 1Emergency Department, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam
  2. 2Surgical Department, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam
  3. 3Respiratory Department, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam
  4. 4Department of Research Training and Outreach Activities, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam
  5. 5Orthopedic Department, National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam

Abstract

Aim To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for deltoid fibrosis (DF) in 3 communes in Vietnam.

Material and Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out from January 2007 to April 2007 including 3,218 people aged 1 to 60 years old in 3 communes.

Results There were 478 people who suffered from DF. Among those patients, 447 ranged in age from 6 to 20 years (93.51%).

DF was correlated with intradeltoid injection of antibiotic ⩾2 episodes and DF with OR = 1.6 (p<0.05), especially when the antibiotic injection was given when patients were ⩽5 years old. Family history of DF was also a risk factor with OR = 0.2 (p<0.001).

There was no correlation between vaccine injection and DF (OR =  0.5, p>0.05).

Conclusion The prevalence of DF in 3 communes in Vietnam was 14.9%. The highest prevalence was in people from 6–20 years old. Antibiotic injection in the Deltoid muscle was a risk factor.

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