Article Text

NEO-HAPY, HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 0–3 MONTHS OLD NEWBORN BABIES: A COMMUNITY BASED RANDOMISED CLUSTER CONTROL TRIAL (RCCT)
  1. E N Adamson-Macedo1,
  2. C R Barnes2
  1. 1University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK
  2. 2Centre for Health and Social Care Improvement, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK

Abstract

This small sample and short longitudinal study (12 weeks) adopted a Randomised Cluster Control Trial (RCCT) to test the hypothesis that the mental (cognitive), motor and social (communication) development of healthy newborn babies would be facilitated by systematic ‘hands-on exploration’ of Neo-hapy as measured by the Bayley (III) Scales of Infant Development Screening test. Neo-hapy is a novel manual stimulus medical device developed after many trials demonstrating that haptic touch or active touch occurs before 4 months; a new phrase was coined ‘neo-haptic touch’ to describe it. Eight newborn infants (equal numbers of males and females in each group) were recruited, from a single hospital in the West Midlands County. Following Ethics Committees’ approval they were visited and used either Neo-hapy or a Regular interactive object, at home twice a week for 12 weeks.

Results revealed that, compared with babies who used a Regular interactive object, those who used Neo-hapy had higher cognitive, motor and communication development scores at week 6 and 12 of life; there were no significant differences on baseline measurements. A constructivist approach to perception is used to explain results which suggest that systematic community programmes promote neonatal health and development.

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