Objective Early neonatal problems are very important. Ignoring these simple problems can lead to lots of complications. The aim of this study was to determine common neonatal problems during the two weeks after birth.
Methods In a cross-sectional and descriptive study, common problems and complications of 300 neonates ⩾34 w born in Alzahra hospital from September 2006 to June 2007 two weeks after birth were investigated.
Results From 300 studied neonates 85.3% were term and 14.7% preterm (34–37 w). The mean weight of neonates was 2990.21±512.28 grams (range 1250 4500 gr) which was 3142.57±368.68 gr for term and 2112.04±283.84 for preterm. There was a significant difference between the mean hospitalization days of preterm and term neonates (3.02±1.95 versus 2.19±1.32 d, p<0.001). The most common problems of neonates were: icterus (40%), choking (29%) inability to take the nipple (27.33%), weak sucking (25%), diarrhea (24%), eye contamination (22%), vomiting (21%) and cough (20.33%). Readmission occurred in 9.33% duo to ecterus, convulsion, respiratory distress, persistent vomiting and sever diarrhea. There was a significant relationship between inability in taking the nipple, cyanosis and fever with prematurity.
Conclusions Because of reducing the neonatal problems after birth it is recommended to train the mothers and their partners during pregnancy and follow up the parturients and neonates at home to help them to solve minor problems and refer to a neonatalogist when needed.
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